The coherence properties of broadband down converted light are investigated theoretically and experimentally in both the classical and quantum mechanical frameworks. Although broadband down converted light is one-photon incoherent noise, it possesses unique two-photon coherence. Thus, for performing two-photon processes, down-converted light is equivalent to coherent ultrashort pulses in some aspects and to coherent CW laser radiation in others. This equivalence is theoretically established and experimentally demonstrated in the classical, high-power regime. Two applications that take advantage of multi-photon coherence are then described in detail; one for optical spread spectrum communication and the other for sub-diffraction limit optical lithography. A key part of this research is the design and implementation of an efficient source that generates high-power broadband down conversion in a cavity. A broadband oscillation in the cavity is ensured by a mechanism very similar to passive mode-locking of ultrashort pulse laser sources, which we term as pair-wise mode locking, thus extending the equivalence to ultrashort pulses to the light generating sources also. Finally, the quantum mechanical properties of broadband down-conversion are explored experimentally, by performing a two-photon process (sum frequency generation) at the low power level of entangled photon pairs. The non-classical nature of the light is expressed by a linear intensity dependence of the non-linear process. Temporal shaping with femtosecond resolution of the entangled photon pairs is demonstrated using this non-linear interaction.
|Date of Award||2005|
|Original language||American English|
|Supervisor||Asher A. Friesem (Supervisor) & Yaron Silberberg (Supervisor)|