X-ray studies of liquid metal surfaces

H. Tostmann, E. DiMasi, B. M. Ocko, M. Deutsch, P. S. Pershan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


X-ray reflectivity and diffuse scattering measurements of the surface of liquid Hg, Ga and In are reviewed. For each metal surface induced layering is found. The surface structure of these metals is compared and differences are discussed in relation to bulk structural features such as the degree of covalency. Studies of modified liquid metal surfaces are also presented. The surface oxidation of liquid Ga, In and Hg is compared. Experimental results on surface segregation in Ga-In and Ga-Bi alloys and details of the surface wetting transition in Ga-Bi are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-190
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume250 (I)
StatePublished - 2 Aug 1999
EventProceedings of the 1998 10th International Conference on Liquid and Amorphous Metals (LAM-10) - Dortmund, Ger
Duration: 30 Aug 19984 Sep 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been supported by the US Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG02-88-ER45379, the National Science Foundation Grant No. DMR-94-00396 and the US–Israel Binational Science Foundation, Jerusalem. Brookhaven National Laboratory is supported by US DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886. HT acknowledges support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.


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