X-ray spectrometry of copper: New results on an old subject

Moshe Deutsch, Eckhart Förster, Gisbert Hölzer, Jürgen Härtwig, Keijo Hämäläinen, Chi Chang Kao, Simo Huotari, Reut Diamant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


We review recent, and some less recent, measurements of several emission spectra of copper. The results are discussed with special emphasis on elucidating the structure of the Kα1,2 and Kβ 1,3 diagram lines and their underlying transitions. These lines are found to contain ≈30% contribution from 3d spectator hole transitions. Other multielectronic transitions, the 2p spectator hole (satellites) and 1s spectator hole (hypersatellites) transitions were also measured. They are discussed paying special attention to the evolution of the lineshapes and intensities from the excitation threshold to saturation. Trends in the measured quantities depending on the spectator hole's shell and subshell are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-98
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2004


  • Copper
  • Hypersatellites
  • Multielectronic transitions
  • Satellites
  • X-ray spectra


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