Work of Breathing: Physiology, Measurement, and Diagnostic Value in Childhood Pneumonia

Israel Amirav, Aleeza Manucot, Jane Crawley, Sapir Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In clinical practice, increased “work of breathing” (WOB) is used to rapidly identify the acutely ill child in need of immediate clinical care, and is commonly used to support a clinical diagnosis of pneumonia. However, this key clinical sign is poorly understood and inconsistently defined. This review discusses the physiology, measurement, and clinical assessment of WOB, highlighting its utility in the recognition of pneumonia in under-resourced settings, where access to diagnostic imaging may be limited.

Original languageEnglish
Article number642
JournalChildren
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 May 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.

Keywords

  • clinical signs
  • pneumonia
  • respiratory distress
  • review
  • work of breathing

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