Women face unemployment: A comparative analysis of age groups

Liat Kulik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The study examined differences in job search intensity, attitudes toward unemployment, and related responses among four age groups of jobless women in Israel, all of whom were married: Post-adolescence (up to age 21); young adulthood (age 22-35), mid-life (age 36-49); and late adulthood (50-62). The findings revealed differences in job search intensity for the four age groups. The youngest group spent more time seeking employment per week than did the other groups. At the same time, women in the late adulthood group were least likely to reject job offers owing to financial considerations, whereas those in the young adult and mid-life groups tended to reject job offers either due to conflict with family obligations or to work conditions. Moreover, the older respondents reported a sharper decline in health following unemployment than did their younger counterparts. In the same vein, members of the late adulthood group reported less financial strain as a result of unemployment than did the rest of the groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-33
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Career Development
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000


  • Attitudes toward unemployment
  • Gender roles
  • Job search intensity
  • Unemployment


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