Despite recent increased interest in self-conscious emotions, few studies have investigated their regulation. The current research examines the effectiveness of self-perspective in regulating negative self-conscious (guilt, shame) versus basic (anger, sadness) emotions. We predict that adopting a distanced perspective on the self would attenuate the experience of anger and sadness, as previous research has shown (e.g., Kross et al., 2005). However, because the experience of self-conscious emotions involves self-evaluation as well as the evaluation of the self from the perspective of others, a self-distanced perspective may enable these emotions and fail to attenuate the experience of shame and guilt. As predicted, a self-distanced perspective attenuated feelings of sadness and anger, but not of shame and guilt. These findings suggest the appraisal of the experienced emotion (i.e., whether it involves self-evaluations and/or the perspective of others) may influence the effectiveness of emotion-regulation strategies.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Social Psychology|
|State||Published - Nov 2013|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Israel Science Foundation grant #923-09 provided to Tal Eyal. We thank Yoav Bar-Anan, Eran Halperin, Nira Liberman, and Gal Sheppes for their valuable comments on earlier versions of the manuscript.
- Basic emotions
- Emotion regulation
- Self-conscious emotions