Well-Being and Distress in Mothers of Two-Year-Old Singletons and Twins

Adi Noy, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Jacob Kuint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The present study investigated well-being and distress in 274 Israeli mothers of two-year-olds. Of these, 127 were mothers of singletons and 147 mothers of twins. The study examined the contribution to the explanation of well-being and distress of a range of variables relating to the mother, including sociodemographic characteristics, internal resources (attachment style, self-differentiation, and maternal self-efficacy), and external resources (marital quality and grandmothers' support). The findings showed that being a mother of a singleton or twins did not contribute to the explanation of variance in well-being or distress. Marital quality provided the strongest explained variance for both well-being and distress. Mother's health, attachment anxiety and self-differentiation also explained significant amounts of the variance. Several differences were found in the contribution of certain other variables, such as maternal grandmother's support, which contributed only to well-being. The results indicated the lesser role of sociodemographic variables, as opposed to the centrality of personality traits and marital quality, in the relationships with well-being and distress. Practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-335
Number of pages19
JournalWomen and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2014


  • distress
  • motherhood
  • social support
  • well-being


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