Vulnerabilities in social anxiety: Integrating intra- and interpersonal perspectives

Rivkah Ginat-Frolich, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Jonathan D. Huppert, Idan M. Aderka, Lynn E. Alden, Yair Bar-Haim, Eni S. Becker, Amit Bernstein, Ronny Geva, Richard G. Heimberg, Stefan G. Hofmann, Todd B. Kashdan, Ernst H.W. Koster, Joshua Lipsitz, Jon K. Maner, David A. Moscovitch, Pierre Philippot, Ronald M. Rapee, Karin Roelofs, Thomas L. RodebaughFranklin R. Schneier, Oliver C. Schultheiss, Ben Shahar, Ulrich Stangier, Murray B. Stein, Lusia Stopa, Charles T. Taylor, Justin W. Weeks, Matthias J. Wieser

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


What are the major vulnerabilities in people with social anxiety? What are the most promising directions for translational research pertaining to this condition? The present paper provides an integrative summary of basic and applied translational research on social anxiety, emphasizing vulnerability factors. It is divided into two subsections: intrapersonal and interpersonal. The intrapersonal section synthesizes research relating to (a) self-representations and self-referential processes; (b) emotions and their regulation; and (c) cognitive biases: attention, interpretation and judgment, and memory. The interpersonal section summarizes findings regarding the systems of (a) approach and avoidance, (b) affiliation and social rank, and their implications for interpersonal impairments. Our review suggests that the science of social anxiety and, more generally, psychopathology may be advanced by examining processes and their underlying content within broad psychological systems. Increased interaction between basic and applied researchers to diversify and elaborate different perspectives on social anxiety is necessary for progress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102415
JournalClinical Psychology Review
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier Ltd


  • Basic research
  • Social anxiety
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Translational research
  • Vulnerability


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