Ventral hernia repair using bioresorbable poly-4-hydroxybutyrate mesh in clean and contaminated surgical fields: a systematic review and meta-analysis

A. Ahmed, S. Gandhi, S. Ganam, A. R.F. Diab, R. Mhaskar, J. Sujka, C. DuCoin, S. Docimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Use of biologic or synthetic mesh in hernia repair shifts is based on evolving evidence. Poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB) biosynthetic mesh is a potential alternative to biologic and synthetic mesh in ventral hernia repair (VHR). This meta-analysis assesses the efficacy of P4HB mesh in clean and contaminated surgical settings. Methods: Two authors searched literature on PubMed, reviewing titles and abstracts of all articles to determine inclusion eligibility. Post-operative data were compared via transformation method to convert the proportion of patients with the outcome of interest into a suitable quantity for random-effects synthesis using STATA software. Results: Initial search yielded 287 citations. Six studies were included and categorized on whether hernia repairs were conducted in clean (CDC class I) or contaminated cases (CDC class II–IV). The pooled proportion of surgical site infection (SSI), surgical site occurrence (SSO), hernia recurrence, total surgical complications, and reoperation were calculated in 391 clean and 81 contaminated cases. For clean vs. contaminated cases, the following pooled proportions were noted: SSI (2% (CI 0–7%) vs 9% (CI 0–025) (p = 0.03), SSO: 14% (CI 5–25%) vs 35% (CI 22–50%) (p = 0.006), hernia recurrence (8% (CI 1–19%) vs 4% (CI 0–12%) (p = 0.769); surgical complications (17% (CI 6–32%) vs 50% (CI 27–72%) (p = 0.009). Reoperation data were available in 298 clean cases across four studies: 5% (CI 0–15%). Conclusions: P4HB biosynthetic mesh may be more effective than previously thought, particularly in clean wounds. P4HB may also be superior to biologic mesh when compared to clinical trial data. Further research is necessary for more direct comparison.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-584
Number of pages10
JournalHernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery
Volume28
Issue number2
Early online date12 Feb 2024
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2024.

Keywords

  • Biosynthetic mesh
  • Meta-analysis
  • P4HB
  • Ventral hernia repair

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