Blood-flow interactions with the vascular endothelium represents a specialized example of mechanical regulation of cell function that has important physiological and pathophysiological cardiovascular consequences. Yet, the mechanisms of mechanostransduction are not understood fully. This study shows that shear stress induces a rapid induction as well as nuclear translocation of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor 2 and promotes the binding of the VEGF receptor 2 and the adherens junction molecules, VE-cadherin and β-catenin, to the endothelial cytoskeleton. These changes are accompanied by the formation of a complex containing the VEGF receptor 2-VE-cadherin-β-catenin. In endothelial cells lacking VE-cadherin, shear stress did not augment nuclear translocation of the VEGF receptor 2 and phosphorylation of Akt1 and P38 as well as transcriptional induction of a reporter gene regulated by a shear stress-responsive promoter. These results suggest that VEGF receptor 2 and the adherens junction act as shear-stress cotransducers, mediating the transduction of shearstress signals into vascular endothelial cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 9 Jul 2002|