Microvascular dysfunction is a key contributor to vascular hypertension, one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. Microvascular dysfunction leads to the loss of nitric oxide-mediated endothelial dilation and the subsequent compensatory function of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing (EDH) factors in the regulation of vascular tone. Previously, we showed that lactone metabolite derived from arachidonic acid induces endothelial-dependent vasodilation in isolated human microvessels. Based on structural similarities, we hypothesize that additional lactone metabolites formed from eicosapentaenoic fatty acid (EPA) may bear EDH properties. Aim: To elucidate the vasodilatory and blood pressure (BP)-reducing characteristics of the 5,6-EEQ (5,6-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acids) lactone (EPA-L) in hypertensive 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6Nx) rats. Methods: 5/6Nx hypertensive rats intravenously administrated with EPA-L for five days. BP, blood and urine chemistry, and kidney function were detected and analyzed. Vascular dilation was detected using a pressure myograph with or without Ca2+ − activated K+ (KCa) endothelial channel inhibitors. KCNN3 and KCNN4 gene expression (mRNA) detected in mesenteric arteries from 5/6Nx and NT rats. Results: EPA-L administration to 5/6Nx rats significantly (p < 0.05) reduced BP and heart rate without affecting kidney function. 5/6Nx rat mesenteric arterioles exhibited a lower dilation response to acetylcholine (10-7 mol/l) than normotensive (NT) vessels, while EPA-L administration restored the vessel relaxation response. The EPA-L-driven relaxation of mesenteric arteries was significantly reduced by pretreatment with TRAM-34 and apamin. However, KCa channel expression did not significantly differ between 5/6Nx and NT mesenteric arteries. Conclusion: EPA-L reduces BP by improving microvessel dilation involving calcium-dependent potassium endothelial channels.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids|
|State||Published - Dec 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel Innovation Authority [grant numbers 69892 , 2018-2020].
- 5/6 nephrectomy
- Eicosapentaenoic acid
- Endothelial-depe hyperpolarizing factors
- Microvascular dysfunction