Validation of the ERO2.0 code using W7-X and JET experiments and predictions for ITER operation

J. Romazanov, S. Brezinsek, C. Baumann, S. Rode, A. Kirschner, E. Wang, F. Effenberg, D. Borodin, M. X. Navarro, H. Xie, M. Groth, H. Kumpulainen, K. Schmid, R. A. Pitts, A. Terra, A. Knieps, Y. Gao, M. Krychowiak, A. Pandey, Ch Linsmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper provides an overview of recent modelling of global material erosion and deposition in the fusion devices Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X), JET and ITER using the Monte-Carlo code ERO2.0. For validating the modelling tool in a three-dimensional environment, W7-X simulations are performed to describe carbon erosion from the graphite test divertor units, which were equipped in operational phase OP 1.2 and analysed post-mortem. Synthetic spectroscopy of carbon line emission is compared with experimental results from the divertor spectrometer measurement system, showing a good agreement in the e-folding lengths in the radial intensity profiles of carbon. In the case of metallic wall materials, earlier modelling of the Be/W environment in JET and ITER is revisited and extended with an updated set of sputtering and reflection data, as well as including the mixing model for describing the Be/W dynamics in the divertor. Motivated by recent H/D/T isotope experiments in JET, limited and diverted configuration pulses are modelled, showing the expected trend of both Be and W erosion increasing with isotope mass. For the JET diverted configuration pulses, it is shown that Be migrates predominantly to the upper part of the inner divertor where it initially leads to strong W erosion. With longer exposure time, the growth of a Be deposited layer leads to a reduction of W erosion in that region. A similar trend is observed in simulations of the ITER baseline Q = 10 scenario, however with a more symmetric Be migration pattern leading to deposition also on the outer divertor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number086016
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the IAEA. All rights reserved.


  • ERO2.0
  • erosion
  • ITER
  • JET
  • plasma impurity migration
  • W7-X


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