Uplink Downlink Rate Balancing in Cooperating Cellular Networks

Itsik Bergel, Yona Perets, Shlomo Shamai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Broadcast MIMO techniques can significantly increase the throughput in the downlink of cellular networks, at the price of channel state information (CSI) feedback from the mobiles, sent over the uplink. Thus, these techniques create a mechanism that can tradeoff some uplink capacity for increased downlink capacity. In this paper, we quantify this tradeoff and study the exchange ratio between the feedback rate (over the uplink) and the downlink rate. We study both finite and infinite networks and show that for high enough (but finite) SNR, the uplink rate can be exchanged for increased downlink rate with a favorable exchange ratio. This exchange ratio is an increasing function of the channel coherence time, and a decreasing function of the number of measured base stations. We also show that in finite networks, devoting a constant fraction of the uplink to CSI feedback can increase the downlink multiplexing gain continuously from 0 to 1, as a function of the fraction size. On the other hand, in infinite networks (with infinite connectivity) our lower bound is only able to show doubly logarithmic scaling of the rate with SNR. The presented results prove that the adaptation of the feedback rate can control the balance between the uplink and downlink rates. This capability is very important in modern cellular networks, where the operators need to respond to continuously changing user demands.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7177090
Pages (from-to)6272-6284
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.


  • MIMO
  • cellular networks
  • cooperative communication


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