Unleashing the impact of Nb-doped, single crystal, cobalt-free P2-type Na0.67Ni0.33Mn0.67O2 on elevating the cycle life of sodium-ion batteries

Abhinanda Sengupta, Ajit Kumar, Amreen Bano, Aakash Ahuja, Harshita Lohani, Sri Harsha Akella, Pratima Kumari, Malachi Noked, Dan T. Major, Sagar Mitra

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A synergistic stabilization effect in a Nb-doped P2-type single crystal cobalt-free layered oxide cathode material, offering remarkable cycling stability and high-power performance for Na-ion batteries have unveiled in this study. The introduction of Nb in the transition metal layer not only reduces the electronic band gap but also enhances electronic conductivity and mitigates ionic diffusion energy barriers. The induction of a robust Nb-O bond expedites electron and Na+ transfer, contributing to the stabilization of the host structure is further confirmed through the density functional theory calculations, including electron localization function (ELF) and crystal orbital Hamiltonian population (COHP). To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate a homogeneous distribution of niobium throughout the single crystal, specifically doped at the nickel site within the bulk, without inducing atomic-scale surface reorganization. The presence of single crystals improves various kinetic factors, demonstrating the profound correlation between structural defects and chemical proliferation, thereby reducing the evolution of oxygen gas. The P2-type Nb-doped single crystal cathode (Na0.67Ni0.31Mn0.67Nb0.02O2) exhibits remarkable capacity retention, >95 % after 100 cycles at 0.1 C and >90 % after an extended cycling of 2000 cycles at 1 C. Practical assessments in complete cell setups with a pre-sodiated hard carbon anode further validate the material's viability, showcasing capacity retention of over 93 % after 100 cycles in a coin cell and approximately 89 % in a pouch cell format. This comprehensive study establishes the transformative potential of Nb-doped single crystal cobalt-free P2-type layered oxide cathode materials, marking a significant advancement in sodium-ion battery technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103435
JournalEnergy Storage Materials
StatePublished - May 2024

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  • Cation doping
  • Cobalt free
  • Full-cell in pouch format
  • Nb doping
  • P2-type layered oxide cathode
  • Phase transition
  • Single crystal
  • Sodium-ion batteries


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