Ultrathin fiberoptic bronchoscopy for airway toilet in neonatal pulmonary atelectasis

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Abstract

Pulmonary atelectasis is often seen in young infants with respiratory disease and it may contribute to increased ventilatory requirements and the development of chronic lung disease such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Standard management consists of postural drainage (chest physiotherapy and suction) and selective intubation with suction of a major bronchus. This report describes a new approach consisting of removal of bronchial secretions under direct vision via ultrathin fiberoptic bronchoscopy, without interruption of mechanical ventilation. The procedure was performed safely in ten cases and resulted in significant rapid improvement in the infants' respiratory condition and in complete resolution of the atelectasis in eight cases. In two infants, partial improvement was seen. No adverse effects of the procedure were encountered. It is concluded that this approach is a safe and potentially valuable therapeutic maneuver in the management of pulmonary atelectasis in sick intubated neonates. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-49
Number of pages2
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Trans endotracheal tube procedure
  • directability
  • oxygen saturation
  • suction via 0.9 mm lumen

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