Ultrafine Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) functionalized with various biomolecules constitute an alternative to antibodies as anti-amyloidogenic agents. However, generating stable ultrafine Au NPs with high surface activity is challenging. Here, the capacity of phosphate groups in biomolecules is used to stabilize Au NPs. The characteristics of Au NPs decorated with adenosine mono-, di-, and tri-phosphate are compared as well as adenosine and peptide nucleic acid-containing adenosine as controls. Among them, ATP-Au NPs are found to be superior having small size (2–4 nm) and stability (for several months) when analysed by spectroscopy and electron microscopy. Spectroscopy analysis also revealed that each ATP-stabilized Au NP is decorated with 7–8 molecules of ATP. ThT binding analysis and TEM imaging showed that the ATP-Au NPs efficiently prevented amyloid fibril formation in vitro by Aβ-42, α-Synuclein as well as by the Glucosylceramide metabolite, and disaggregated their pre-formed fibrils. NMR analysis revealed the interaction of the ATP-Au NPs with the amyloid fibrils. The ATP-Au NPs are safe toward cultured SH-SY5Y cells and when co-incubated with α-Synuclein amyloids inhibited their cytotoxicity and readily enter the cells to inhibit formation of amyloid fibrils within them. The results indicates the pharmacological potentials of ATP decorated Au NPs.
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© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Functional Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.
- ATP-Au NPs
- adenosine-based molecules
- amyloid fibril
- amyloid β-42
- inhibition of amyloids