Two-step evaporation process for formation of aligned zinc oxide nanowires

Joodong Park, Han Ho Choi, Kerry Siebein, Rajiv K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Two-step gas flow controlled evaporation process was introduced as a simple technique to fabricate aligned ZnO nanowires via the VLS growth mode. Using this method, well-aligned single crystalline ZnO nanowires was successfully synthesized on Au coated Si substrates. The diameter of ZnO nanowires was controlled from 40 to 150nm and the ratio of length to diameter was observed to be larger than 30. Tetrapod-shaped ZnO nanostructures were formed using a mixture of Ar and O2 gases, and it indicated that the partial pressure of oxygen during the synthesis is crucial for the growth of ZnO nanowire structures. Green emission induced from singly ionized oxygen vacancies was generated from ZnO nanowires with the excitonic emission in UV range. Higher intensity of the green emission was observed in thinner nanowires, which is attributed to their higher surface-to-volume ratio. Patterned structure of ZnO nanowires with a high fidelity was achieved by pattering the Au catalyst films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-348
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • B1. Nanomaterials
  • B1. Zinc compounds
  • B2. Semiconductor materials


Dive into the research topics of 'Two-step evaporation process for formation of aligned zinc oxide nanowires'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this