Two parallel diffusion paths model for interpretation of PITT and EIS responses from non-uniform intercalation electrodes

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Abstract

Two alternative models, including (i) a serial combination of finite-space Warburg (FSW) and finite-length Warburg (FLW) elements, and (ii) two parallel FSW elements with different diffusion time constants, were proposed to describe the most important specific features of potentiostatic intermittent titration (PITT) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) responses of practical intercalation anodes and cathodes. Based on the physical reliability of the fitting parameters, the parallel diffusion path model was seen to describe adequately the EIS and PITT responses obtained from thin, non-uniform composite electrodes (graphite is considered as an example). Some important issues related to impedance modeling (exemplified by comparison of the properties of serial and parallel combinations of distributed diffusion elements) are discussed. We show that dlog|Id(t)|/dlog t vs. t/τd plots are very useful for diagnosing the type of non-uniformity (particle size distribution, PSD) of intercalation electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume561
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Diffusion time constant
  • EIS
  • Lithiated graphite electrode
  • PITT
  • Particle size distribution

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