Triarylborane-Appended Anils and Boranils: Solid-State Emission, Mechanofluorochromism, and Phosphorescence

Rajendra Prasad Nandi, Pagidi Sudhakar, Neena K. Kalluvettukuzhy, Pakkirisamy Thilagar

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Herein, the design, synthesis, optical properties, and mechanofluorochromism characteristics of a series of conjugates having covalently linked triarylborane (TAB) and anil/boranil units (TAB-anil: 1 a–3 a and TAB-boranil: 1–3) are reported. The electronic interactions between TAB and anil/boranil in 1 a–3 a and 1–3 were fine-tuned by changing the boryl moiety's position on the phenyl spacer connecting the BMes2 (Mes=mesityl) and anil/boranil units. A boryl moiety at the meta position (1 a) of the phenyl spacer stabilizes the enolic form (E-OH), whereas a boryl moiety at the para position (2 a and 3 a) stabilizes the keto form (Z-NH) in the solid state. However, in solution 1 a, 2 a, and 3 a exhibit keto–enol tautomerism in both ground and excited states. Compounds 1 a–3 a and 1–3 show red-shifted absorption compared with 4 a and 4, which are devoid of TAB moieties, which indicate effective participation of an empty p orbital on the boron center in 1 a–3 a and 1–3. Compounds 1 and 2 showed fluorescence variations in response to external stimuli such as mechanical grinding. Long phosphorescence lifetimes of 18–46 ms were observed for compounds 1–3. The observed optical properties of 1 a–3 a and 1–3 are rationalized in the context of quantum mechanical calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16306-16317
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number69
StatePublished - 9 Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

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  • Schiff bases
  • boranes
  • boron
  • luminescence
  • mechanofluorochromism


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