Trends and prospects of 2-D tungsten disulphide (WS2) hybrid nanosystems for environmental and biomedical applications

U. T. Uthappa, Monika Nehra, Rajesh Kumar, Neeraj Dilbaghi, Giovanna Marrazza, Ajeet Kaushik, Sandeep Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Recently, 2D layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) with their ultrathin sheet nanostructure and diversified electronic structure have drawn attention for various advanced applications to achieve high-performance parameters. Unique 2D TMDCs mainly comprise transition metal and chalcogen element where chalcogen element layers sandwich the transition metal element layer. In such a case, various properties can be enhanced and controlled depending on the targeted application. Among manipulative 2D TMDCs, tungsten disulphide (WS2) is one of the emerging nano-system due to its fascinating properties in terms of direct band gap, higher mobility, strong photoluminescence, good thermal stability, and strong magnetic field interaction. The advancement in characterization techniques, especially scattering techniques, can help in study of opto-electronic properties of 2D TMDCs along with determination of layer variations and investigation of defect. In this review, the fabrication and applications are well summarized to optimize an appropriate WS2-TMDCs assembly according to focused field of research. Here, the scientific investigations on 2D WS2 are studied in terms of its structure, role of scattering techniques to study its properties, and synthesis routes followed by its potential applications for environmental remediation (e.g., photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, gas sensing, and wastewater treatment) and biomedical domain (e.g., drug delivery, photothermal therapy, biomedical imaging, and biosensing). Further, a special emphasis is given to the significance of 2D WS2 as a substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The discussion is further extended to commercial and industrial aspects, keeping in view major research gaps in existing research studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103024
JournalAdvances in Colloid and Interface Science
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.


  • Bio-acceptability
  • Biomedical applications
  • Environmental remediation
  • Fabrication
  • Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs)
  • Tungsten disulphides (WS)


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