Treating survivors of terrorism while adversity continues

Rhonda S. Adessky, Sara A. Freedman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The current situation in Israel of continuous terrorist attacks poses unique challenges to the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This article addresses issues that arise when treating survivors of ongoing terrorism. These include: (a) Is PTSD treatable during ongoing adversity? (b) When should treatment be offered? (c) Is avoidance maladaptive or adaptive? (d) How does one deal with re-exposure? (e) How to define the end of treatment? and (f) What are the effects on the therapist when conducting treatment during ongoing adversity? Case studies are provided to illustrate these issues when treating clients with PTSD during ongoing terror.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Trauma of Terrorism
Subtitle of host publicationSharing Knowledge and Shared Care, An International Handbook
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781136747052
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2005 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Avoidance
  • Cognitive behavior treatment
  • Coping
  • Re-exposure
  • Terror
  • Trauma


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