Purpose: To evaluate dexamethasone penetration to the eye after a short transcorneal and transscleral iontophoresis using a drug loaded hydrogel assembled on a portable iontophoretic device. Methods: Iontophoresis of dexamethasone phosphate was studied in healthy rabbits using drug loaded disposable HEMA hydrogel sponges and portable iontophoretic device. Corneal iontophoretic administration was performed with a current intensity of 1 mA for 1 and 4 min. Transconjunctival and transscleral iontophoresis were performed twice for 2 min at two near places in the pars-plana area, on the conjunctival membrane or directly on the sclera. Dexamethasone concentrations were assayed using HPLC. Results: Dexamethasone levels in the rabbit cornea after a single transcorneal iontophoresis for 1 min were up to 30 fold higher compared to those obtained after frequent eye drop instillation. Also, high drug concentrations were obtained in the retina and sclera 4 h after transscleral iontophoresis. Conclusions: A short low current non-invasive iontophoretic treatment using dexamethasone-loaded hydrogels has potential clinical value in increasing drug penetration to the anterior and posterior segments of the eye.