Trajectories of Smoking Among Emerging Adult Backpackers and Their Antecedents

Osnat C. Melamed, Sophie D. Walsh, Ido Ziv, Shmuel Shulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Public health reports document an increase in rates of smoking among emerging adults. This study examines environmental influences and temperament as predictors of this increase. One hundred ninety-nine emerging adults were followed from before embarking on a journey outside of Israel and on their return. Participants reported their levels of daily smoking (before, during, and after the journey), novelty seeking, harm avoidance, depressive symptoms, and sociodemographics. Overall, an increase in smoking levels was observed during the backpacking experience. Latent profile analysis showed three separate trajectories of smoking: stable low (70% of participants), experimental increasing (22%), and stable high (8%). In comparison with the stable low group, the experimental increasing group was characterized by higher levels of novelty seeking, while the stable high group was characterized by higher levels of depressive symptoms. Findings highlight the interplay between smoking, temperament, and a permissive environment to explain emerging adult smoking trajectories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
JournalEmerging Adulthood
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Society for the Study of Emerging Adulthood and SAGE Publishing.


  • environment
  • personality trait
  • smoking
  • travel
  • young adults


Dive into the research topics of 'Trajectories of Smoking Among Emerging Adult Backpackers and Their Antecedents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this