Total cross section for p+p→p+p+π0 close to threshold

H. O. Meyer, C. Horowitz, H. Nann, P. V. Pancella, S. F. Pate, R. E. Pollock, B. Von Przewoski, T. Rinckel, M. A. Ross, F. Sperisen

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Abstract

Making use of an electron-cooled beam in the IUCF storage ring, we have measured the total cross section σtot for pp→ppπ0 at 31 bombarding energies between 285 and 325 MeV. At a level of about 5%, the data show no fluctuations that could be associated with the onset of other pion production channels. A calculation of the single-partial-wave cross section σss, including direct production only (no rescattering), falls short of the experiment by a factor of 5.2±0.3, but reproduces the observed energy dependence when scaled. This energy dependence is explained by contributions from the phase-space factor and the final-state interaction between the outgoing nucleons. The relative importance of higher partial waves is deduced from the energy dependence of σtot as well as from the angular distributions of reaction protons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-661
Number of pages29
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume539
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank D. Hutcheon, D. Lichtenberg and G.A. Miller for useful discussions and P. Schwandt for his contribution to the design of experimental hardware . This work has been supported by the US National Science Foundation under grant NSF PI-IY 87-14406 and one of us (B .v .P .) has been supported by the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst.

Funding

The authors would like to thank D. Hutcheon, D. Lichtenberg and G.A. Miller for useful discussions and P. Schwandt for his contribution to the design of experimental hardware . This work has been supported by the US National Science Foundation under grant NSF PI-IY 87-14406 and one of us (B .v .P .) has been supported by the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst.

FundersFunder number
US National Science FoundationNSF PI-IY 87-14406
Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst

    Keywords

    • Nuclear reaction

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