TLR4 expression is associated with left ventricular dysfunction in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery

Orna Avlas, Arieh Bragg, Avi Fuks, James D. Nicholson, Ariel Farkash, Eyal Porat, Dan Aravot, Rachel S. Levy-Drummer, Cyrille Cohen, Asher Shainberg, Michael Arad, Edith Hochhauser

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is an innate immune receptor expressed in immune cells and the heart. Activation of the immune system following myocardial ischemia causes the release of proinflammatory mediators that may negatively influence heart function. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine whether TLR4 is activated in peripheral monocytes and heart tissue taken from patients with varying degrees of myocardial dysfunction caused by coronary artery diseases and scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery before 12 months following operation. Methods and Results: Patients (n = 44) undergoing CABG surgery having left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 45% ('reduced EF', n = 20) were compared to patients with preserved EF >45% ('preserved EF' group, n = 24). 'Reduced EF' patients exhibited increased TLR4 expression in monocytes (2.78±0.49 vs. 1.76±0.07 rMFI, p = 0.03). Plasma levels of C-reactive protein, microRNA miR-320a, brain natriuretic peptide (pro BNP) and NADPH oxidase (NOX4) were also significantly different between the 'preserved EF' and 'reduced EF'groups. Elevated TLR4 gene expression levels in the right auricle correlated with those of EF (p<0.008), NOX4 (p<0.008) and miR320, (p<0.04). In contrast, no differences were observed in peripheral monocyte TLR2 expression. After CABG surgery, monocyte TLR4 expression decreased in all patients, reaching statistical significance in the 'reduced EF' group. Conclusion: TLR4 is activated in peripheral monocytes and heart tissue obtained from patients with ischemic heart disease and reduced left ventricular function. Coronary revascularization decreases TLR4 expression. We therefore propose that TLR4 plays a pathogenic role and may serve as an additional marker of ischemic myocardial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0120175
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Avlas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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