TiN thin films with (200) fibre texture are deposited on Cu substrate at room temperature using reactive magnetron sputtering. They exhibit a discharge capacity of 172 μAh cm-2 μm-1 (300 mAh g -1) in a non-aqueous electrolyte containing a Li salt. There is a graded decrease in discharge capacity when cycled between 0.01 and 3.0 V. Electron microscopy investigations indicate significant changes in surface morphology of the cycled TiN electrodes in comparison with the as deposited TiN films. From XPS depth profile analysis, it is inferred that Li intercalated TiN films consist of lithium compounds, hydroxyl groups, titanium sub oxides and TiN. Lithium diffusivity and reactivity decrease with increase in depth and the major reaction with lithium takes place at film surface and grain boundaries.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, Govt. of India under a grant for the Centre of Excellence in Nano electronics, Phase II.
- Li- ion battery
- TiN anode
- electrochemical performance
- thin film battery