Titania deposition on PMR-15

Hillel Pizem, Olga Gershevitz, Yossi Goffer, Aryeh A. Frimer, Chaim N. Sukenik, Uma Sampathkumaran, Xavier Milhet, Alan McIlwain, Mark R. De Guire, Mary Ann B. Meador, James K. Sutter

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20 Scopus citations


The formation, degree of crystallinity, and adherence of dense titania (TiO 2) thin film coatings on a high-temperature polyimide resin (PMR-15) can be influenced by the chemical composition of the polymer surface. Furthermore, solution deposition conditions can be adjusted to provide additional control over the morphology and crystallinity of the titania films. Recipes for solution-based titania deposition that used a slowly hydrolyzing titanium fluoride salt in the presence of boric acid as a fluoride scavenger allowed growth of films up to 750 nm thick in 22 h. By adjusting solution pH and temperature, either amorphous titania or oriented crystalline anatase films could be formed. Surface sulfonate groups enhance the adhesion of solution-deposited oxide thin film coatings. While most sulfonation procedures severely damaged the PMR-15 surface, the use of chlorosulfonic acid followed by hydrolysis of the installed chlorosulfonyl groups provided effective surface sulfonation without significant surface damage. In some cases, the oxide deposition solution caused partial hydrolysis of the polymer surface, which itself was sufficient to allow adhesion of the titania film through chelation of titanium ions by exposed benzole acid groups on the polymer surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3205-3213
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - 14 Jun 2005


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