Time multiplexed pinhole array based lensless three-dimensional imager

Ariel Schwarz, Jingang Wang, Amir Shemer, Zeev Zalevsky, Bahram Javidi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We present an overview of multi variable coded aperture (MVCA) for lensless three-dimensional integral imaging (3D II) systems. The new configuration is based on a time multiplexing method using a variable pinholes array design. The system provides higher resolution 3D images with improved light intensity and signal to noise ratio as compared to single pinhole system. The MVCA 3D II system configuration can be designed to achieve high light intensity for practical use as micro lenslets arrays. This new configuration preserves the advantages of pinhole optics while solving the resolution limitation problem and the long exposure time of such systems. The three dimensional images are obtained with improved resolution, signal to noise ratio and sensitivity efficiency. This integral imaging lensless system is characterized by large depth of focus, simplicity and low cost. In this paper we present numerical simulations as well as experimental results that validate the proposed lensless imaging configuration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThree-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display 2016
EditorsBahram Javidi, Jung-Young Son
ISBN (Electronic)9781510601086
StatePublished - 2016
EventThree-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display 2016 Conference - Baltimore, United States
Duration: 18 Apr 201620 Apr 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceThree-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display 2016 Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 SPIE.


  • Imaging systems
  • Lensless imaging
  • Three-dimensional image acquisition
  • Three-dimensional image processing


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