We present a bottom-up derivation of fluctuation analysis with detrending for the detection of long-range correlations in the presence of additive trends or intrinsic nonstationarities. While the well-known detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) and detrending moving average (DMA) were introduced ad hoc, we claim basic principles for such methods where DFA and DMA are then shown to be specific realizations. The mean-squared displacement of the summed time series contains the same information about long-range correlations as the autocorrelation function but has much better statistical properties for large time lags. However, the scaling exponent of its estimator on a single time series is affected not only by trends on the data but also by intrinsic nonstationarities. We therefore define the fluctuation function as mean-squared displacement with weighting kernel. We require that its estimator be unbiased and exhibit the correct scaling behavior for the random component of a signal, which is only achieved if the weighting kernel implies detrending. We show how DFA and DMA satisfy these requirements and we extract their kernel weights.
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|State||Published - 28 Mar 2019|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Physical Society.