Theoretical analysis of pressure induced spin crossover phenomenon in a di-nuclear Fe(II) molecular complex

Atasi Chakraborty, Arup Chakraborty, Soma Ghosh, Indra Dasgupta

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We have studied a Fe-based di-nuclear molecular complex having the chemical formula [{Fe(bpp)(NCS)2}2('-bipy)]•2MeOH (where bpp = -bis(pyrazol-3-yl) pyridine and '-bipy = '-bipyridine, 1) using density functional theory and model Hamiltonian approach. Our study provides insight to the pressure driven spin-crossover (SCO) phenomena observed experimentally in these systems. Upon increasing the pressure, the spin state of Fe(II) cation gradually changes from a high spin state (S =2) to a low spin (LS) state (S =0) accompanied by volume contraction. The gradual increase in pressure shrinks Fe-N bond length and also causes angular deviation of the FeN6 octahedron leading to full conversion to the LS state without global structural phase transition. We have carried out exact diagonalization study of an effective single site Hamiltonian and confirmed the importance of intramolecular interaction for SCO phenomena. We have investigated the cooperativity of the observed SCO phenomena. We have also studied the effect of Co doping on the spin state of Fe and find that the spin state of Fe has a subtle dependency on the concentration of dopant atoms. Excess Co doping pave the way towards the possibility of an intermediate spin state for Fe and can give rise to a bistable spin transition process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165802
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number16
StatePublished - 17 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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