The three-dimensional "insect eye" laparoscopic imaging system - A prospective randomized study

Y. Kaufman, A. Sharon, O. Klein, D. Spiegel, R. Auslander, A. Lissak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The VS-1 "insect eye" technology is a new three-dimensional (3D) imaging system used for laparoscopic surgery. It is based on a microscopic array of hundreds of thousands of lenses that form a single apparatus, providing streaming 3D imaging without the side effects of previous 3D systems. This study analyzed the VS-1 system in terms of operative results and surgeon satisfaction compared with the standard two-dimensional (2D) imaging system. Eighty-eight patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery of different difficulty levels, performed by three different surgeons, graded as novice or experienced, were randomly assigned for the VS-1 3D or the standard 2D imaging systems, 44 patients in each group. Results showed that, when using the 3D VS-1 system, surgery duration was reduced for both novice and experienced surgeons. Surgeons reported having good depth perception, anatomic understanding and procedure efficiency, as well as physician confidence and efficiency during complicated maneuvers. No user side effects were reported. The VS-1 "insect eye" 3D imaging system provided improved operative results when compared with the 2D imaging system, with a decrease in surgery duration, along with good surgeon confidence and satisfaction, and without user side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-34
Number of pages4
JournalGynecological Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Depth perception
  • Insect eye
  • Laparoscopy
  • Surgery
  • Three-dimensional


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