The Tannei rav x baraitot in the Babylonian Talmud: From recitation to ascription

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This article examines the meaning and the development of the terms used to introduce baraitot transmitted by amoraim in the Bavli: “Tannei Rav X.” Why are these baraitot not introduced with the more usual terms used for citing a baraita, “tanya” and “tannu rabbanan?” I will argue that the term “tannei Rav X” was created in the generations that followed the named amora, as an alternative to the usual citation formula employed by the sage himself when he first quoted the baraita. A sage later to Rav X (or the “stam”) who wished to refer to a baraita quoted earlier by Rav X, used the term “tannei Rav X” to do so. These baraitot (around 80%) have parallels in tannaitic compositions or in the Yerushalmi. This finding bears additional weight on the question of the origins of the terminology used to quote baraitot in the Bavli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-147
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Ancient Judaism
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, 2021


  • Amoraic baraitot
  • Amoraim
  • Quotation formulae
  • Talmudic terminology
  • Tannei rav peloni


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