The Surface Chemistry of Lithium Electrodes in Alkyl Carbonate Solutions

Doron Aurbach, Yair Ein-Ely, Arie Zaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

294 Scopus citations


The chemical composition of the surface films formed on lithium in alkyl carbonate solutions was explored using surface sensitive Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (external reflectance mode). The solvents included propylene carbonate, ethylene carbonate, and dimethyl carbonate. The salts included LiAsF6, LiCIO4, LiBF4, and LiPF6. The advantages of this work over previous studies are that highly H reflective Li surfaces were prepared fresh in solution and that the aging processes of the surface films initially formed could be rigorously 11 investigated. Furthermore, these three important solvents were investigated in a single study. This work further proves that the films initially formed on Li surfaces in these solvents consist of ROCO2Li as the major constituents. Upon storage, the films initially formed react with trace water to form Li2CO3, which gradually also becomes a major surface species. It was found that these aging processes also depend on the salts used (for example ROCO2Li or Li2CO3 films are not stable in LiPF6 or LiBF4 solutions).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L1-L3
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1994


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