A series of chiral double hydrophilic block copolymers (DHBCs) was synthesized and employed as additives in the crystallization of calcium tartrate tetrahydrate (CaT). We found that appropriate polymers can slow down the formation of the thermodynamically most stable racemic crystals as well as the formation of one of the pure enantiomeric crystals so that chiral separation by crystallization occurs even when racemic crystals can be formed. In addition, the presence of DHBCs results in major modifications of crystal morphology, creating unusual morphologies of higher complexity. Our study demonstrates the potential application of chiral DHBCs in the control of chirality throughout crystallization, in particular for racemic crystal systems, and also shows that enantiomeric excess of one enantiomer can be maximized by the kinetic control of crystallization.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Chemistry - A European Journal|
|State||Published - 3 Jun 2002|
- Chiral resolution
- Crystal growth
- Hydrophilic block copolymers