The Role of Zinc Triflate Additive for Improved Electrochemical Performance of Nickel-Rich Layered Oxide Lithium Battery Cathode via Suppression of Interfacial Parasitic Reactions

Sri Harsha Akella, Shalev Blanga, Melina Zysler, Gal Radovsky, Malachi Noked

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nickel-rich layered oxide cathode materials with low cobalt content, such as LiNi0.90Mn0.05Co0.05O2 (NMC90), have the potential to enable cost-effective, high-energy-density lithium-metal batteries. However, NMC90 cathode materials are prone to severe parasitic reactions at higher voltages during prolonged cycling. The addition of small percentages of electrolyte additives to the neat commercial electrolyte can significantly enhance the overall electrochemical performance of lithium-metal batteries. This study investigates the effects of zinc triflate (Zn(Otf)2) as an electrolyte additive on the enhancement of the electrochemical performances of lithium-metal batteries comprising nickel-rich layered oxide cathode materials. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed that Zn(Otf)2 decomposition leads to enhanced fluorination at the interfacial layers, which contributes to improved chemical stability. Utilizing operando electrochemical mass spectroscopy, we demonstrate that Zn(Otf)2 additives effectively suppress the electrolyte degradation, which is otherwise detrimental to electrochemical performance. Electrochemical studies show that the inclusion of only ∼1% Zn(Otf)2 as additive in neat commercial electrolyte enhances the electrochemical performance indicated by a 10% improvement in discharge capacity after 150 cycles. This study paves the way for researchers to develop novel fluorinated triflate based electrolyte additives aimed at enhancing the stabilization of interfaces for lithium ion, and potentially also Li-metal batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number050519
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume171
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published on behalf of The Electrochemical Society by IOP Publishing Limited.

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