The Role of Vitamin D in Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases: A Narrative Review †

Agata Czarnywojtek, Ewa Florek, Krzysztof Pietrończyk, Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Marek Ruchała, Ohad Ronen, Iain J. Nixon, Ashok R. Shaha, Juan Pablo Rodrigo, Ralph Patrick Tufano, Mark Zafereo, Gregory William Randolph, Alfio Ferlito

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency has garnered significant attention in contemporary medical research. Although the canonical biological activity of VitD manifests itself mainly in the regulation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism, recent studies show that, thanks to the presence of numerous receptors, VitD may also play an important role in regulating the immune system. VitD deficiency has been demonstrated to impact autoimmune disease, coeliac disease, infections (including respiratory/COVID-19), and patients with cancer. Recent studies also show that VitD plays a significant role in autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). Many studies have shown a correlation between low VitD levels and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis – Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT), Graves’ disease (GD), and postpartum thyroiditis (PPT). This review article, therefore, describes the current state of knowledge on the role of VitD in AITDs, including HT, GD, and PTT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1452
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Graves’ disease
  • Hashimoto thyroiditis
  • Riedel thyroiditis
  • postpartum thyroiditis
  • vitamin D

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