The relationship between child sexual abuse, self-concept and psychopathology: The moderating role of social support and perceived parental quality

Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

While many studies point out the relationship between child sexual abuse and psychopathology, further understanding of the mechanism of this association is required. The present study examined a theoretical model of the effect of child sexual abuse on psychopathology. Analyses were based on three waves from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), conducted in 2008, 2010 and 2014. Children and youth ages 10–17 who reported being sexually abused (N = 414) were examined in comparison to a control group who were selected to match the CSA group in age, sex, and socioeconomic status (N = 414). Using structural equation modeling, we examined a theoretical model of the effect of child sexual abuse on the development of psychopathology. Sexually abused children had lower self-concept, social support and perceived parental quality, and higher psychopathology than the control group did. Higher self-concept, social support and perceived parental quality were linked with lower levels of psychopathology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104938
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume113
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Funding

This project was supported by grants 2006-JW-BX-0003 and 2009-JW-BX-0018 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. The total amount of federal funding involved is $2,848,809. For the purposes of compliance with §507 of PubL No. 104-208 (the Stevens Amendment), readers are advised that100%of the funds for this program are derived from federal sources.

FundersFunder number
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

    Keywords

    • Child sexual abuse
    • Parental quality
    • Psychopathology
    • Self-concept
    • Social support

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