Le milieu rabbinique face aux diversités sociales et religieuses en Palestine romaine du Ier au IVe siècle de notre ère

Translated title of the contribution: The Rabbinic Environment and the Social and Religious Diversity in Roman Palestine from the 1st to the 4th Century in Our Era

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

One of the fascinating questions in the study of Jewish society in Roman Palestine after the Great revolt against Rome concerns the standing of the rabbis in the Jewish people. To what extent was the community subject to the authority of the Sages of the Mishnah and Talmud and their literature? Jewish society was never uniform, and although we do not possess orderly documents relating to those sectors that did not consider themselves subservient to the rabbis, these were undoubtedly important, as we learn from the trenchant theological and halakhic debates about them conducted by the Sages of the Mishnah and Talmud and archaeological finds as for instance the appearance of Sol Invictus on the mosaics of Galilean synagogues. On the other hand, the archeological discoveries, like the discovery of many ritual baths which correspond to the halakhic outlook of the rabbis concerning the purity laws, could just easily have convinced us to reach the opposite conclusions. The overall picture, therefore, seems to be ambivalent, and we must make every effort to avoid rash and sweeping conclusions concerning the relationship between the rabbis and their literature and the general Jewish society in late Roman Palestine.
Translated title of the contributionThe Rabbinic Environment and the Social and Religious Diversity in Roman Palestine from the 1st to the 4th Century in Our Era
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationJudaïsme et christianisme chez les Pères
EditorsMarie-Anne Vannier
Place of PublicationTurnhout
PublisherBrepols Publishers
Pages147-164
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9782503565729
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Publication series

NameJudaïsme ancien et origines du christianisme

RAMBI Publications

  • RAMBI Publications
  • Eretz Israel -- History -- 70-1517, Roman, Byzantine and Arab periods
  • Judaism -- History -- Post-exilic period, 586 B.C.-210 A.D

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