The prevalence of prenatal sonographic findings in postnatal diagnostic exome sequencing performed for neurocognitive phenotypes: A cohort study

Regeneron Genetics Center

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Prenatal exome sequencing (ES) is currently indicated for fetal malformations. Some neurocognitive genetic disorders may not have a prenatal phenotype. We assessed the prevalence of prenatally detectable phenotypes among patients with neurocognitive syndromes diagnosed postnatally by ES. Methods: The medical files of a cohort of 138 patients diagnosed postnatally with a neurocognitive disorder using ES were reviewed for prenatal sonographic data. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database was searched for prenatally detectable phenotypes for all genes identified. Results: Prenatal imaging data were available for 122 cases. Of these, 29 (23.75%) had fetal structural abnormalities and another 29 had other ultrasound abnormalities (fetal growth restriction, polyhydramnios, elevated nuchal translucency). In 30 patients, structural aberrations that were not diagnosed prenatally were detected at birth; in 21 (17.2%), the abnormalities could theoretically be detected prenatally by third-trimester/targeted scans. According to OMIM, 55.9% of the diagnosed genes were not associated with structural anomalies. Conclusions: Most patients (52.5%) with postnatally diagnosed neurocognitive disorders did not have prenatal sonographic findings indicating prenatal ES should be considered. The prevalence of specific prenatal phenotypes such as fetal growth restriction and polyhydramnios in our cohort suggests that additional prenatal findings should be assessed as possible indications for prenatal ES.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-724
Number of pages8
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Prenatal Diagnosis published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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