The power of three-dimensional printing technology in functional restoration of rare maxillomandibular deformity due to genetic disorder: a case report

Daniel Oren, Amiel A. Dror, Tania Bramnik, Eyal Sela, Igal Granot, Samer Srouji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Thalassemia is an inherited autosomal recessive blood disorder causing abnormal formation of hemoglobin, known as a syndrome of anemia with microcytic erythrocytes. It is the most common genetic disorder worldwide, with a high prevalence among individuals of Mediterranean descent. The state of homozygosity of the beta-globin mutated gene is known as beta-thalassemia major, and these patients require regular blood transfusions and iron chelation therapy for survival. The rapid loss of red blood cells among affected individuals activates compensatory mechanisms of excessive medullary and extramedullary hematopoiesis, leading to severe skeletal bone deformity. Case presentation: We present the case of a 39-year-old Bedouin male, diagnosed with beta-thalassemia major at infancy, with diagnosed homozygosity for the intervening sequence 2-1 (guanine > adenine) mutation. Since early infancy, he started receiving blood transfusions with a gradual increase in treatment frequency through adulthood due to the severe clinical progression of the disease. He was referred to the oral and maxillofacial surgery department at Galilee Medical Center to evaluate his facial deformity in the upper jaw and treat his severe periodontal disease. The patient presented maxillary overgrowth, and severe dental deformity resulted in progressive disfigurement and difficulty chewing, swallowing, and speaking. To address the challenge of surgical treatment, we utilized the advantage of three-dimensional planning and printing technology to simulate the optimal result. Resection of maxillary bone overgrowth and insertion of custom-made subperiosteal implants were followed by rehabilitation of both jaws to the patients' satisfaction at 3-year follow-up. Conclusions: The ongoing implementation of state-of-the-art technologies such as virtual reality and three-dimensional printing has become a prominent component in surgical toolsets. Comprehensive case simulation and accurate planning before surgery will improve surgical results and patient satisfaction. This approach is highly advocated when approaching a case of rare maxillofacial deformity associated with either genetic or orphan diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number197
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Bone demineralization
  • Bone marrow diseases
  • Genetic diseases
  • Hereditary diseases
  • Thalassemia major (beta-thalassemia major)
  • Three-dimensional printing

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