The aim of the present study was to examine whether offspring at high and low familial risk for depression differ in the immediate and more lasting behavioural and physiological effects of hedonically-based mood repair. Participants (9- to 22-year olds) included never-depressed offspring at high familial depression risk (high-risk, n = 64), offspring with similar familial background and personal depression histories (high-risk/DEP, n = 25), and never-depressed offspring at low familial risk (controls, n = 62). Offspring provided affect ratings at baseline, after sad mood induction, immediately following hedonically-based mood repair, and at subsequent, post-repair epochs. Physiological reactivity, indexed via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), was assessed during the protocol. Following mood induction and mood repair, high- and low-risk (control) offspring reported comparable changes in levels of sadness and RSA. However, sadness increased among high-risk offspring following the post-repair epoch, whereas low-risk offspring maintained mood repair benefits. High-risk/DEP offspring also reported higher levels of sadness following the post-repair epoch than did low-risk offspring. Change in RSA did not differ across the three offspring groups. Self-ratings confirm that one source of difficulty associated with depression risk is diminished ability to maintain hedonically-based mood repair gains, which were not apparent at the physiological level.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health [grant number: RO1 MH085722], Rockville, MD.
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- Mood repair
- emotion regulation
- hedonic capacity