The Perfect Victim: Computational Analysis of Judicial Attitudes towards Victims of Sexual Violence

Eliya Habba, Dan Bareket, Renana Keydar, Gabriel Stanovsky

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We develop computational models to analyze court statements in order to assess judicial attitudes toward victims of sexual violence in the Israeli court system. The study examines the resonance of “rape myths” in the criminal justice system’s response to sex crimes, in particular in judicial assessment of victim’s credibility. We begin by formulating an ontology for evaluating judicial attitudes toward victim’s credibility, with eight ordinal labels and binary categorizations. Second, we curate a manually annotated dataset for judicial assessments of victim’s credibility in the Hebrew language, as well as a model that can extract credibility labels from court cases. The dataset consists of 855 verdict decision documents in sexual assault cases from 1990-2021, annotated with the help of legal experts and trained law students. The model uses a combined approach of syntactic and latent structures to find sentences that convey the judge’s attitude towards the victim and classify them according to the credibility label set. Our ontology, data, and models will be made available upon request, in the hope they spur future progress in this judicial important task.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, ICAIL 2023 - Proceedings of the Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages111-120
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9798400701979
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, ICAIL 2023 - Braga, Portugal
Duration: 19 Jun 202323 Jun 2023

Publication series

Name19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, ICAIL 2023 - Proceedings of the Conference

Conference

Conference19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, ICAIL 2023
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityBraga
Period19/06/2323/06/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© ICAIL 2023. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Judicial decision making
  • Rape myths
  • Sexual violence
  • Witness credibility

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