The Multifaceted Nature of Self-Consciousness: Conceptualization, Measurement, and Consequences

Elisheva Ben-Artzi, Mario Mikulincer, Hanania Glaubman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The present work involves the reconceptualization of self-consciousness as a multifaceted process. In the first study, subjects were asked to freely describe the contents of their thoughts when thinking about themselves. Content analyses resulted in the definition of specific categories of self-consciousness which were found to overlap partly with basic dimensions of the self-concept. In the second study, a valid and reliable self-report questionnaire of self-consciousness was developed, comprising fourteen separate factors. In the third study, different patterns of self-consciousness were found to be associated with depression, anxiety, self-disclosure, and loneliness. The theoretical and empirical implications of conceptualizing self-consciousness as a multiple-content phenomenon are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-43
Number of pages27
JournalImagination, Cognition and Personality
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1995

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1996 SAGE Publications.


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