The multidimensional driving style inventory - Scale construct and validation

Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Mario Mikulincer, Omri Gillath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

382 Scopus citations


Two studies were conducted in order to develop a multidimensional instrument of driving style. In Study 1, we developed a self-report scale assessing four broad domains of driving style - the multidimensional driving style inventory (MDSI). A factor analysis revealed eight main factors, each one representing a specific driving style - dissociative, anxious, risky, angry, high-velocity, distress reduction, patient, and careful. In addition, significant associations were found between the eight factors, on the one hand, and gender, age, driving history, and personality measures of self-esteem, need for control, impulsive sensation seeking, and extraversion, on the other. In Study 2, further associations were found between the eight driving style factors and measures of trait anxiety and neuroticism. The discussion focused on the validity and utility of a multidimensional conceptualization of driving style.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the General Motors Foundation.


  • Driving style
  • Personality traits
  • Reckless driving


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