The microbiome in a healthy pregnancy

Hadar Neuman, Omry Koren

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The human microbiome plays fundamental roles in host metabolism, immunity, and overall health. In many disease states, the microbial composition is altered (dysbiosis), usually exacerbating the clinical condition. However, during pregnancy, the changes in the microbiome are essential for healthy pregnancy progression and outcome. Alterations in microbial compositions are evident in the gut, oral cavity, and the vagina of pregnant women. The microbial changes during pregnancy are correlated with and enhance the gestational immune, hormonal, and metabolic changes that occur during pregnancy, including weight gain. Understanding the extent of the changes in the microbiome that occur in healthy pregnancy and the full effects of the maternal microbiome on the offspring is expected to have an important impact when considering antibiotics and nutritional decisions during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Human Microbiome in Early Life
Subtitle of host publicationImplications to Health and Disease
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780128180976
ISBN (Print)9780128180983
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Microbiome
  • hormones
  • immunity
  • pregnancy
  • progesterone


Dive into the research topics of 'The microbiome in a healthy pregnancy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this