TY - JOUR

T1 - The metal-insulator transition in disordered 3d systems

T2 - A new view

AU - Kaveh, M.

AU - Mott, N. F.

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - The authors show that for an uncompensated semiconductor such as Si:P the metal-insulator transition occurs for -KFl>1 and the decrease of the conductivity sigma near the transition can be accounted for by perturbation theory. A universal dependence of sigma as a function of electron density n is given. sigma decreases with decreasing n due to formation of wavefunctions decaying with distance as a power law, causing a decrease of the diffusion constant. Electron correlation has only a small effect on sigma far above the metal-insulator transition. However, as n decreases and tends to nc, electron correlations cause a sharper decrease of sigma . For uncompensated samples transport is in a conduction band, the density of states deviates only slightly from a free-electron-like behaviour, whereas sigma drops below sigma B, the Boltzmann value of the conductivity, due to a reduction of the diffusion constant. A discontinuous transition to an impurity band occurs when the conductivity in the conduction band is about 0.03 sigma B and thus somewhat below Mott's value sigma min=0.03 e2/ h(cross)a, which is correct for compensated samples. Conductivities much below sigma min for any sample must be due to long-range fluctuations or inhomogeneities. For uncompensated Si:P the authors argue for a minimum metallic conductivity of about 1/3 sigma min.

AB - The authors show that for an uncompensated semiconductor such as Si:P the metal-insulator transition occurs for -KFl>1 and the decrease of the conductivity sigma near the transition can be accounted for by perturbation theory. A universal dependence of sigma as a function of electron density n is given. sigma decreases with decreasing n due to formation of wavefunctions decaying with distance as a power law, causing a decrease of the diffusion constant. Electron correlation has only a small effect on sigma far above the metal-insulator transition. However, as n decreases and tends to nc, electron correlations cause a sharper decrease of sigma . For uncompensated samples transport is in a conduction band, the density of states deviates only slightly from a free-electron-like behaviour, whereas sigma drops below sigma B, the Boltzmann value of the conductivity, due to a reduction of the diffusion constant. A discontinuous transition to an impurity band occurs when the conductivity in the conduction band is about 0.03 sigma B and thus somewhat below Mott's value sigma min=0.03 e2/ h(cross)a, which is correct for compensated samples. Conductivities much below sigma min for any sample must be due to long-range fluctuations or inhomogeneities. For uncompensated Si:P the authors argue for a minimum metallic conductivity of about 1/3 sigma min.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33751313993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0022-3719/15/22/003

DO - 10.1088/0022-3719/15/22/003

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AN - SCOPUS:33751313993

SN - 0022-3719

VL - 15

SP - L697-L705

JO - Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics

JF - Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics

IS - 22

M1 - 003

ER -