The Long-Term Effects of Solitary Confinement From the Perspective of Inmates

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This qualitative study analyzes the effects of solitary confinement on prisoners and the strategies used by them to cope with its difficulties. The findings indicate that solitary confinement is perceived as unfair and as intensifying hostile emotions and physical aggression, and that it is related to a range of long-term physiological, mental, and behavioral disorders. Three strategies are used to cope with the difficulties of solitary confinement: keeping to a ritualistic routine, a religious lifestyle, and physical exercise. We conclude that solitary confinement exacerbates the difficulties of detention and affects prisoners’ health and well-being for short and long terms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-674
Number of pages23
JournalPrison Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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  • coping strategies
  • inmates
  • long-term effects
  • separation
  • solitary confinement


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