Objective: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is the main tool for biopsy via fine needle aspiration (FNA) from gastrointestinal (GI) lesions including pancreatic, upper gastrointestinal, and adjacent lesions. The variable diagnostic yield and delay until the final pathological results can affect treatment planning and cause patient anxiety. We aimed to assess the agreement of rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) of EUS-FNA with the surgical histological diagnosis of patients who underwent resection. Method: A retrospective study was performed including all patients 18 years or older who underwent EUS-FNA with ROSE for GI lesions. For patients who underwent surgical resection, the correlation between ROSE and the surgical histological diagnosis was evaluated with the kappa coefficient. Results: Overall, 73 patients who underwent EUS-FNA with ROSE were included, of whom 22 (30.1%) had curative resection. The final pathological diagnosis from surgery showed 17 malignant and 5 benign lesions. Among the benign lesions, ROSE correctly identified 2 (diagnostic accuracy of 40%), while among the malignant lesions, ROSE correctly identified 14 (diagnostic accuracy of 82.4%), yielding a fair kappa coefficient of 0.366 (95% CI 0.035-0.697). When classifying the lesions as either malignant vs benign or suspicious of malignancy, the kappa coefficient increased to 0.58 (95% CI 0.180-0.975) for the subgroup of pancreatic lesions, with diagnostic accuracy of 81.2% for the malignant category. Conclusions: A high level of agreement for malignancy was found between FNA-EUS with ROSE and the final surgical histological diagnosis. ROSE can be used as an adjuvant diagnostic tool to optimise patient management and decrease delay-related anxiety.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jul 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- rapid onsite evaluation