The intergenerational transmission of ethnic essentialism: how parents talk counts the most

Gili Segall, Dana Birnbaum, Inas Deeb, Gil Diesendruck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study analyzed the role of parents as potential sources of children's essentialist beliefs about ethnicity. We tested 76 parent-child (5-year-olds) dyads of Jewish Israeli parents from three social groups, defined by the kindergartens children attended: national religious, secular, or Jewish-Arab integrated. We assessed parents' and children's beliefs, and parents' usage of ethnic attitudinal and categorization markers in a book-reading activity. Overall, national religious parents manifested the strongest ethnic essentialism and endorsement of anti-negotiations with Palestinians, and were the most likely to express negative attitudes and mark ethnic categories in their conversations with their children. Moreover, regression analyses revealed that ethnic categorization in parents' speech was the most reliable predictor of children's ethnic essentialism. Ethnic essentialism is transmitted to children not via explicit communication of intergroup beliefs or attitudes, but rather via the sheer marking of categories in ways that resonate with children's own intuitive ways of conceptualizing the social world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-555
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental Science
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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