The influence of temperature variations and thermal pollution on various aspects of the biology of the prawn Palaemon pacificus (Stimpson)

Yair Achituv, Peter A. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of different temperatures 10, 15, 20, and 25°C on the food consumption, growth, moulting rate, and respiration of Palaemon pacificus (Stimpson) from Langebaan Lagoon, west coast of South Africa, was studied under laboratory conditions. At 10°C mortality was high so that food consumption and moulting rate could not be determined as these were very low. At higher temperatures, food consumption was found to be temperature dependent, the rate at 25°C being twice that at 15°C. Growth rate was most favourable at 25°C. At 28°C growth rate was lower than at 20°C but higher than at 15°C. The intermoult period was 17 days at 15°C, and 11 and 10 days at 20, and 25°C, respectively. It seems that from an energetic point of view, 25°C is the most favourable temperature for P. pacificus. Several indices of growth efficiency at different temperatures are presented. The appearance of this prawn in South African west coast localities such as Langebaan during the summer and its disappearance during winter, can be explained by its temperature preferences. The possibility that thermal pollution from a nuclear power station may be beneficial to this prawn, is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-302
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jan 1984
Externally publishedYes

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