The influence of different temperatures 10, 15, 20, and 25°C on the food consumption, growth, moulting rate, and respiration of Palaemon pacificus (Stimpson) from Langebaan Lagoon, west coast of South Africa, was studied under laboratory conditions. At 10°C mortality was high so that food consumption and moulting rate could not be determined as these were very low. At higher temperatures, food consumption was found to be temperature dependent, the rate at 25°C being twice that at 15°C. Growth rate was most favourable at 25°C. At 28°C growth rate was lower than at 20°C but higher than at 15°C. The intermoult period was 17 days at 15°C, and 11 and 10 days at 20, and 25°C, respectively. It seems that from an energetic point of view, 25°C is the most favourable temperature for P. pacificus. Several indices of growth efficiency at different temperatures are presented. The appearance of this prawn in South African west coast localities such as Langebaan during the summer and its disappearance during winter, can be explained by its temperature preferences. The possibility that thermal pollution from a nuclear power station may be beneficial to this prawn, is discussed.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
|Published - 30 Jan 1984